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International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
ISSN (online) : 2278-9030
ISSN (Print) : 2278-9014
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Rehabilitation Without Borders

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Original Research 


A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Background: Prevalence of non-communicable diseases is increasing in developing and non-developing countries though disproportionately. A particular category of high-risk population comprises of millions of expatriate workers in the Saudi Arabia, who are prone to many common health problem including non – communicable diseases such as diabetes  mellitus and hypertension.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors that play a significant role in causing non-communicable diseases (hypertension and diabetes mellitus) among immigrant workers.
Materials and Methods: The risk factors data was collected from 120 (170) expatriate workers (response rate=70.6%) staying in two residential compounds. Expatriate workers were asked to fill in a pre – tested, structured and close-ended questionnaire to evaluate the risk factors. In addition, we measured the BP and BMI by using weight scale, measuring tape, and mercury sphygmomanometer.
Results: The results showed that expatriate workers had generally acceptable quality of life where they experienced numerous modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors of developing HTN and DM. 95.5 % ate all types of food without any consideration. 21.7 % of them were above the normal weight. 62.5 % were sleeping less than 7 hours, which increased the stress level.
Conclusion: Expatriate workers have good quality of life in Saudi Arabia. However, prevalence of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for developing HTN and DM is considerable. Primary preventive measures need to be inculcated to reduce it to a level where it ceases to be a public health problem.

Key words: Expatriates, Risk factors, Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . IJHRS. 2015; 4(2): 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080


Web Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . https://www.ijhrs.org/?mno=199649 [Access: November 29, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . IJHRS. 2015; 4(2): 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . IJHRS. (2015), [cited November 29, 2022]; 4(2): 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



Harvard Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri (2015) A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . IJHRS, 4 (2), 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



Turabian Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. 2015. A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 4 (2), 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



Chicago Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. "A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia ." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 4 (2015), 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri. "A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia ." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 4.2 (2015), 103-114. Print. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Syed Meraj Ahmed, Waqas Sami, Hani Alanazi, Turki Aljarbaa, Suliman Alkhamis, Faisal Almutiri (2015) A Study of Risk Factors for Diabetes & Hypertension among Expatriate Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia . International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 4 (2), 103-114. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.000000080



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